News Articles & Research Papers

(November, 2014) Cortical Thickness Maturation and Duration of Music Training: Health-Promoting Activities Shape Brain Development by James J. Hudziak-MD, Matthew D. Albaugh-PhD,  Simon Ducharme-MD, Sherif Karama-MD/PhD, Margaret Spottswood-MD, Eileen Crehan-BA, Alan C. Evans-Phd, Kelly N. Botteron-MD for the Brain Development Cooperative Group.  Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

(2014) Music Therapy and Military Populations                                             American Music Therapy Association, Inc.

(July 17, 2014) How Playing Music Affects the Developing Brain by George Hicks, WBUR’s CommonHealth Reform and Reality

(June 27, 2014) An Orchestra of Little Hands and Big Dreams by Monique Madan- New York Times

(May 8, 2014) Musical Training Increases Blood flow to the Left Side of the Brain Nature World News

(May 7, 2014) Music is Key to a Child’s Development Royal Conservatory of Music

(November 2013) Music Training in Childhood Boosts the Brain in Adulthood Medical News Today Written by Belinda Weber

(April 18, 2013) Musicians’ Enhanced Neural Differentiation of Speech Sounds Arises Early in Life: Developmental Evidence from Ages 3 to 30 by Dana L. Strait, Samantha O’Connell, Alexandra Parbery-Clark and Nina Kraus- Cerebral Cortex- Oxford Journals

(April. 8, 2014) – Music and the Brain Founder Lisha Lercari is Today’s Honoree-  Today’s Honoree Blog

(Jan. 3, 2014) – Your Aging Brain will be in Better Shape if you’ve taken Music Lessons- by Diane Cole:  National Geographic

(Feb. 11, 2014) – A Piano for Every Child May Sound Impossible, but in Some Schools it’s Happening - by Suzi Parker- ** This article is about Music and the Brain

(Feb. 22, 2014) – Brain Scans of Jazz Musicians Unveil Language and Music Similarities – by David McNamee Medical News Today

(Jan. 8, 2014) - Playing Classical Music to your Child Can Improve their Listening Skills Later on in Life – by Sarah Harris: The Daily Mail

(Nov. 25, 2013) – Music Training Sharpens Brain Pathways, Studies Say – by Sarah D. Sparks: Education Week

(Nov. 12, 2012) – Brain Waves transformed into Music –

(Oct. 9, 2013) – Using Music to Close the Academic Gap – by Lori Miller Case:  The Atlantic

(Oct. 6, 2011) – Music Training Improves Verbal Intelligence in Children – by Alex Knapp: Forbes

(Oct. 2010)  Hearing the Music, Honing the Mind – Scientific American

(July 20, 2010) Music ‘Tones the Brain,’ Improves Learning – by Rachael Rettner:

(March 24, 2010) – How Music Helps to Heal the Injured Brain by Michael Thaut Ph.D. and Gerald McIntosh M.D.: The Dana Foundation

(2009) The Effect of Piano Lessons on the Vocabulary and Verbal Sequencing Skills of Primary Grade Students
By Joseph M. Piro and Camilo Ortiz  Psychology of Music 2009 *** This study involved students using the Music and the Brain curriculum.

(1997) A Cognitive Basis for the Facilitation of Spacial-Temporal Cognition Through Music Instruction – by Frances Rauscher – In Verna Brummett (Ed) Ithaca Conference ’96 Music as Intelligence: A Sourcebook (pp 31-41) Ithaca: Ithaca College Press (pdf)

Music and the Hemisphere
By Music and the Brain

The Having of Wonderful Ideas & Other Essays on Teaching & Learning
By Eleanor Duckworth
Teachers College Press

(2009) Musical training modulates the development of syntax processing in children
By Sebastian Jentschke, Stefan Koelsch
Neuroimage, 2009


(2008) Practicing a Musical Instrument in Childhood is Associated with Enhanced Verbal Ability and Nonverbal Reasoning
By Marie Forgeard, Ellen Winner, Andrea Norton, Gottfried Schlaug
Plose One, October 2008, Vol. 3, Issue 10

(2007) Dualism and The Beholder’s Eye: Inversional Symmetry in Chromatic Tonal Music
By Dmitri Tymoczko
Princeton University, April 20, 2007

(2005) Individual differences in brain activity during visuo-spatial processing assessed by slow cortical potentials and LORETA
By Claus Lamm, Florian Ph. S. Fischmeister, and Herbert Bauer
Cognitive Brain Research 25 900-912, 2005

(2005) Are there pre-existing neural, cognitive, or motoric markers for musical ability?
By Andrea Norton, Ellen Winner, Karl Cronin, Katie Overy, Dennis J. Lee, Gottfried Schlaug
Science Direct, Brain and Cognition 59 (2005) 124-134

(2005) The Geometry of Musical Chords
By Dmitri Tymoczko
Princeton University, July 9, 2005

(2004) Music Lessons Enhance IQ
By Glenn Schellenberg
American Psychological Society, copyright © 2004, Vol. 15-No. 8

(2004) Innate Spatial-Temporal Reasoning and the Identification Of a Genius
By MatthewR. Peterson, Doreen Balzarini, Mark Bodner, Edward G. Jones, TiffanyPhillips, Debra Richardson and Gordon Shaw Neurological Research, Vol. 26, January 2004

(2004) Dynamics of Innate Spatial-Temporal Learning Process: Data Driven Education Results Identify Universal Barriers to Learning
By Wenjie Hu, Mark Bodner, Edward G. Jones, Matthew R. Peterson,
Gordon L. Shaw
MIND Institute 2004

(2003) Effective Music Training For Autistic Children
By Sarah Watson, Lee Wong, Michael Yee, Mark Bodner and Gordon L. Shaw
Music Intelligence Neural Development Institute 2003

(2003) Innate Brain Language and Grammar: Implications for Human Language and Music
By Gordon Shaw, Mark Bodner and Jiri Patera
M.I.N.D. Institute August 2003

(2003) An Extraordinary Memory: The Case of a Musical Prodigy
ByJoanne Ruthsatz, Michael Bell and Douglas Detterman
Case Western Reserve University 2003

(2002) Short-Term Improvement on a Visual-Spatial Task After Music Listening in Alzheimer’s Disease: Group Study
By Julene K. Johnson, Gordon L. Shaw, My Vuong, Sydni Vuong and Carl W. Cotman
Activities, Adaption & Aging, Vol.26 (3), 2002

(2002) Relations among musical skills, phonological processing, and early reading ability in preschool children
By Sima H. Anvari, Laurel J. Trainor, Jennifer Woodside and Betty Ann Levy
Academic Press J. Experimental Child Psychology 83,111-130, 2002

(2002) The Independent Music Teacher : Practice and Preparation
By Marienne Uszler
Helen Dwight Reid Educational Foundation Arts Education Policy Review, 2002

(2002) “Perception and Attention: The Gateways to the Brain”
By John M.D. Ratey
Excerpt from his book, “A User’s Guide to the Brain” 2002

(2002) Symmetry Math Video Game Used to Train Profound Spatial-Temporal Reasoning Abilities Equivalent to Dynamical Knot Theory
By Mark Bodner and Gordon L. Shaw
M.I.N.D. Institute 2002

(2002) Piano, Rhythm, and singing Instruction Improve Different Aspects of Spatial – Temporal Reasoning in Head Start Children
By Frances H. Rauscher and Marcy LeMieux
University of Wisconsin Oshkosh April 2002

(2002)Phonological awareness and musical aptitude
By Zephra F. Peynircioglu, Aydyn Y. Durgunoglu, Banu Oney-Kusefoglu
Journal of Research Vol.25 Issue 1 pp 68-80, 2002

(2001) FMRI study relevant to the Mozart effect: Brain areas involved in spatial-temporal reasoning
By Mark Bodner, L. Tugan Muftuler, Orhan Nalcioglu and Gordon Shaw
Neurological Research Vol. 23, October 2001

(2001) Reliable short-term memory in the trion model: toward a cortical language and grammar
ByMilind Sardesi, Christopher Figge, Mark Bodner, Meridith Crosby, JillHansen, Jorge A. Quillfeldt, Sudan Landau, Annette Ostling, Sydni Vuongand Gordon L. Shaw
Biological Cybernetics 84, pgs 173-182, 2001

(2001) Keyboard Instruction Improves Kindergarten Children’s Spatial Performance
By Frances H. Rauscher and Mary Anne Zupan
Phi Delta Kappa International No.30, 215 – 228, 2001

(2001) Keyboard Instruction and Spatial Task Competence in Learning Disabled Students
By Joseph Piro
Long Island University May2001

(2000) Child Development and The PITS: Simple Questions, Complex Answers, and Developmental Theory
By Frances Degen Horowitz
Child Development Volume 71, No. 1, January/February 2000

(2000) Revolution in Math Education Fueled by Music Training
By Gordon Shaw
Music Intelligence Neural Development Institute Report, July 2000

(2000) Classroom Keyboard Instruction Improves Kindergarten Children’s Spatial-Temporal Performance A Field Experiment
By Frances H. Rauscher and Mary Anne Zupan
Elsevier Science Inc. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 15, No. 2, 215-228, 2000

(2000) Mathematics and Music: Further Insights into Higher Brain Function
By Gordon Shaw and Maren Longhurst
Dept. of Physics and Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Univ. of California, Irvine 2000

(1999) Enhanced Learning of Proportional Math Through Music Training and Spatial-Temporal Training
By Gordon Shaw and Mathew Peterson
March Neurological Research Vol. 21, 1999, 3/99

(1999) Music Smart: Making the Most of your Melodic Mind
By Thomas Armstrong
Excerpt from “7 Kinds of Smart-Identifying and developing your many Intelligences” Published in 1999

(1998) Enhancement of Spatial-temporal reasoning after a Mozart listening condition in Alzheimer’s Disease
By Julene K. Johnson
Neurological Research Volume 20, 12/20/98

(1998) Key Components Of The “Mozart Effect”
By Gordon Shaw and Rauscher
Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1998, 86,835-841

(1998) Improved Maze Learning Through Early Music Exposure in Rats
By Frances Rausher, K. Desix Robinson and Jason J. Jens
Neurological Research, Volume 20 July 1998

(1997) Symmetric temporal patterns in cortical spike trains during performance of a short-term memory task
By Mark Bodner, Yong-Di Zhou, Gordon L. Shaw and Joaquin M. Fuster
Neurological Research Vol.19, October 19, 1997

(1997) Music Training Causes Long-Term Enhancement of Preschool Children’s Spatial-Temporal Reasoning
By Frances H. Rauscher, Gordon L. Shaw, Linda J. Levine, Eric L. Wright, Wendy R. Dennis, Robert L. Newcomb
Volume 19, February Neurological Research, 2/97

(1997) The Musical Hormone
By Norman M. Weinberger
Musica Research Notes: V IV, I 2, Fall 1997

(1997) Cortical Activity During Spatial And Verbal Processing Studied With Slow Cortical Potential Topography
By Herbert Bauer, Oliver Vitouch, Georg Gittler, Michael Leodolter and Ulrich Leodolter
Institute of Psychology, University of Vienna1997

(1997) Persistent patterns of brain activity: An EEG coherence study of the positive effect of music on spatial-temporal…
By Johannes Sarnthein, Astrid von Stein, Peter Rappelsberger, Hellmuth Petsche, Frances Rauscher and Gordon Shaw
Neurological Research – April 1997, Volume 19

(1997) A Cognitive Basis for the Facilitation of Spatial-Temporal Cognition Through Music Instruction
By Frances H. Rauscher
Ithaca Conference ’96 Music as Intelligence: A Sourcebook (pp. 31-44); Ithaca College Press 1997

(1996) Music Training Causes Long-Term Enhancement of Preschool Children’s Spatial-Temporal Reasoning
By Frances H. Rauscher, Gordon L. Shaw, Linda J. Levine, Eric L. Wright, Wendy R. Dennis, Robert L. Newcomb
Neurological Research In Press, 1996

(1996) Music Training Enhances Spatial-Temporal Reasoning in Pre-School Children: Education Implications
By Gordon Shaw
Dept. of Physics and Center for the Neurology of Learning and Memory, March 15 – 17, 1996

(1996) Bridging The Gap Between Neuroscience and Education
By Bonnie Taher
The Education Commission of the States (ECS), 1996

(1996) Expertise In Music, Chess, Mathematics,…..Talent Or Training
By Oliver Vitouch
Vienna Brain Research Lab, 1996

(1996) Bridging The Gap Between Neuroscience and Education
By Bonnie Taher
Bridging The Gap Between Neuroscience and Education, 1/26/96

(1994) Listening to Mozart enhances spatial-temporal reasoning: towards a neurophysiological basis
By Frances H. Rauscher, Gordon L. Shaw, Katherine N. Ky
Neuroscience Letters 185 (1995) 44-47, December 9, 1994

(1994) Music and Spatial Task Performance: A Casual Relationship
By Frances Rauscher, Gordon L. Shaw, Linda J. Levine and Katherine N. Ky
University of California, Irvine 8/13/94

(1993) Early adolescents’ Proportional reasoning on rate problems
By Robert Karplus
Copyright 1993 Educational studies in mathematics

(1993) Proportional Reasoning of Early Adolescents
By Robert Karplus
Copyright 1993 Acquisition of Mathematics Concepts and Processes

(1991) Toward A Neural Theory Of Higher Brain Function Using Music As A Window
By Gordon Shaw and Xiaodan Leng
Concepts In Neuroscience, Vol. 2, No. 2, 229-258, 10/29/91

(1991) The Report of the National Commission on Music Education
By Music Education Report
Excerpt from “Growing Up Complete: The Imperative for Music Education” March 1991

(1979) Brain Mechanisms of Vision
By Torstem Wiesel and David Hubel
Scientific American Vol. 241, No.3 , 9/79

(1997) Ithaca Conference ’96 Music As Intelligence A Sourcebook
By Verna Brummett
Copyright by Ithaca College, 1997

(1997) KeysTo a Better Memory
By Ronald Kotulak
Page 141 from his book, “Inside the Brain: Revolutionary Discoveries of how the Mind Works” 1997